From Old Norse þorp, from Proto-Germanic *þurpą, whence also with German Dorf and Dutch dorp.
1 (before 16th century) A solitary farm, distant from other settlements.
2 (16th century) Officially defined as a very small farm.
3 (17th century to early 20th century) A farm, rented from a larger land owner, where the rent was paid through work on the owner's land (dagsverken).
4 (after the 1940's) A small cottage in the countryside.